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AEL "E EGC C L A EE - E Tchai, Cha ETay - EE @E, EEEE EEEEEE, M EECamellia sinensis - D , - E, FD EECamellia, EEEEE B EEEEE (E 1).

BEEEEEECE E2737 E . EEEȁEA Shen Nung BME EE FCE EEEEEEEEM E E, EEEEEȁEA. I IE JEEKZEEZE EEEE E EEE EE EE EE EE D. EEEEE EEEEEDGE

EE EM E߁EGE/P>

EHeian (794-1192), JE߁EGEHeian-kyo (ME - ).

E 9- E, EPEEE-, E E, E EZEEE߁EG. EE EEEEEE E, EEE E E EEE, E EEE EEEEE B E EBCE, EEG EEE GEE E Saicho EKaiko.

805 E EESaicho (E 2), BME Tendai EEEE߁EGE E, E E E߁EG E E EEEEEE

815E EEKaiko, E, ECA E ȁEAE߁EGETaijo. EEEEC ME dancha.

894 E EEKEECMGEEE߁EG EEE CED, EE EH E EEME ECGEEEE300 EE

ρE EABEEM Maccha

EKamakura (1192-1333).

1191 E L Eisai (ll41- 1215) (E 3), BME Rinzai EEEāEEE߁EGE E E MEEEM EB@ EECAEG. A ECAEG EE E EEE EEEM Maccha EEE EMEEAH EEE A E EEEB, E EE EA-E.

1214E Eisai E ѸR Minamoto Sanetomo E EE''Kisa Yojoki'' ( H EEB@MEECE E). DEE E " - EEE EEEEEEEECE E". ΁E EEEEM EEEEEDG EEPEEE

ETocha EA Ippuku issen

EMuromachi (1333-1573): E CE, E daimyo (CE EA).

14- E 16-EJ, EEU ȁEAEEѸ E EKyoto, EEEE E B@E DG E E߁EGE

E/B> E , M Tocha, D@D EGEEE A. F E Teishu EKE EE EK EM , B EEEEEEEAE EEE EEEEEEK E E B EEEE EE E, BEMEEEEE . EEEZ E @E EEEEGC . ҁEE EEE EE C, E EE EME E Juppuku-cha - " E E, Gojuppuku-cha - " EE E EE EEEG E EE E E EEEEE EEEB D EE EE ECE EA (daimyo), M EEEEEBEEE

E/B> E Ippuku issen, EE M EEEZEAE, ECEEEEEEEEA E[ Shinto (EPE E E). Ippuku issen FEEEEE E C Sen, E EEE ED E , ECEEZE AE, E Unkyakucha. EGBA E EAEEE.

GE ECEE߁EGE EGEE E E EGC EEBE CEE E EZ (1423 E. EUE16- JE Tocha , EEZEE EHE E AE EPEEH , MEH EE Chanoyu - " " Ehado - "E "

hado - "EׁE "

EAzuchi-Momoyama (1573-1603).

āE LH EPEEEE, Chanoyu - D EB E EG, - EE @EE BML EBEEE, EM - D, ME@GE H . AZEEEEPEEH EGEE Z EEEEE"Zen en seiki" E@ELK Eisai EEEE, @EEEEEEDH EEEEETofuku. EE E EG , EDGE E E߁EGE EEDG EEE

E1 ZEE

E2 ́E Saicho

E3 сEL Eisai

AZEE E Chanoyu:

Denchu hanoyu.

EUE15- JE, EHEA. AME@GEEEG E EEE EECH EEEE (karamono). ρE IEEEEE (doboshu), EE@EEEEEE EE ECEEZEEAmi. ȁEE EE EEE EEC, EEEׁEE ME Denchu hanoyu.

Wabi-cha

GEWabi-cha E EEM EEEAE E Tocha. A@JEGEE Wabi-cha EMurata Shuko (1423-1502). E Murata Shuko CEEEE B A H EGEC EBEEG EEEEEEEE EEEEEBEEEL EE, EEEEEAE EEEE E. ΁E@E EEB āEEEE E EEBEEE

B ѸEYoshimasa EEShuko E@EGE, ECE " - D ED EE C B, HEE EBGEEEME ER." Shuko AEEE E EEB EEBEEE[EEEEE EE EEEE@E EE. ΁E EEE Eshoin EEEEEE EMEEE EEEMEEME EEEH E H EEEkakoi (CEGE. ZE E H EEEA: H, EE, EEA EI EG EE(kakemono).

Murata Shuko EAEEE EE H EGE EE (""), EEB ("EE), CE("EE) EEEE("EE"). EEEE Wabi-cha EEEE EEB ELB E @ECIH E EEMEE E. F, Murata Shuko EEE[E EELE R , M D EJ E EUEAEE E Wabi-cha.

KEEEESakai (E Osaka), EE E H E EE Kyoto ENara. Sarugaku EYokyoku E EEGE, EE E EGE߁EGEE . EE - Takeno Jo-o (1502-1555), Imai Sokyu (1520-1593) ESen Rikyu (1521-1591) E E Sakai. EׁEEEEEK Sokyu, ECJEEK Takeno Jo-o EEEK Sen Rikyu. ȁELETakeno Jo-o ECJEEEEEE Murata Shuko - Wabi-cha. ΁EGEEEGEEBEEPEEMEE EE/FONT> C Shigaraki, Seto EBizen ELH EEEH E.

hanoyu

ESen Rikyu (. 4) E E Sakai E1521. LE E EE EׁEE EEEC EKitamuki Dochin, EEEC E EEEshoin EEE F E C EETakeno Jo-o EEWabi-cha - EE[E, EELBEEE E EUEGE AE E EU EZEEE E @ E/FONT> EDaitoku-ji -E Kyoto, EE ID EED CMGEEH , Yoshiro Rikyu EEShuko ETakeno Jo-o EE EG āEEE ȁELEEEEC Yoshiro Rikyu EE D Yoshiro Sen Soeki , E EE Sen C EEED Sen-ami. DEEE Sen Rikyu EE " MEE EEE M E EED EEEׁEE EEE . "B EE, EF "EׁE'' E CE "[ EB. , EE ERBEE ́EEE, EEEZ EEE K EFE, EE- EEE ECE C EE. EEE "IEEE, EEE , E EAJEEEEK".

E4

Sen no Rikyu

1580 E Sen Rikyu EEPE EG - ECAEG . ȁEE QAEED EEGEE āEEEEGE, @E ED EEEEE EE EE EEEE. EME߁EPEEEGE EM Maccha, E EEE ha-no-yu (ERikyu)

AMEE ha-no-yu E@AD EEGE EEBE EEZ EE Sen Rikyu - Taian, E Myokian, EKyoto. EE@E EE EA ߁EGE

58 EE Sen Rikyu @ Ѹ Oda Nobunaga. BE Nobunaga E AE EK Ѹ Hideyoshi, IBEE E, EEEEEEE@G ߁EG. ߁E C E Sen Rikyu EE EEEGE Ѹ. B Hideyoshi E EEEEA E1585, Sen Rikyu EEEC ȁEAEOgimachi EEE K oji. @E E EEM MEEE EEA E߁EGE

EEBE EEEESen Rikyu EEAEEѸ Hideyoshi. AAE EHideyoshi EEEEB Sen Rikyu, EEE EEEDaitoku-ji EEѸ, EE E Sen Rikyu E1591 E EED E. BE EE EEEESen Rikyu EEE ER EE, EEE: " EE EE EEEE EE E . IEE!''.

ERikyu ECJEE Sotan. Sotan EEEEBE EEGEC ZEEA EEK , M CEE EEE E EWabi-cha EEBEEEE EUEESotan D E ME Koshin Sosa E BE Fushinan. EEGE M EEJEOmotesenke.

Sen Soshitsu E BEE Kan-untei, Yuin EKonnichian. EEGE M EEJEUrasenke.

Ichio Soshu, ESotana, M BEEC, EEE EMushanokoji. EEGE M EEJEMushanokojisenke.

ρE EABEEM Sencha

EEdo (1603-1868).

17 . EEEMampuku-ji, Kyoto E߁EG EEEEEEEEEYinyuan (E-EPE Ingen) (. 5) EBME Obaku EEEāEEE߁EGE ΁EEEEAEEE EBEMEEEA EEEEE, E ME/FONT> E, E EB@ EE EE EEA EEEDEEA , EM EG ECAEG EEE EEDGEEEEEB. E D , EZ EZ E EEEE EEEEEE. āE ECAEG -EZEEE EEEH , EE EEEEE DEE.

EBEEPE E EGC EMGEMEH EGESencha

18-K J Uji, Kyoto, Nagatani Soen (. 6) @EMEB@ EGC Sencha. āED EEGC EEE EEEEE EE EE, EE EEE BD EEEEEEEEEEE. Nagatani Soen EEE E EE EEEEE, EE@EME AE EE EM B@EEGC EE EEEGEE BMEEG IEG E EEE BE @EEE EE E EE. AE EEEEBEEJH, E EJE E L EEEE K E EGEEEB EZEK A B@ EGC EM E "Aosei" ( E), EEE EE E߁EGE EGC . EB@ EGC "Kurosei" (ZEE). EEEEEM EE EBME MEEGEECAEG Sencha. E Baichao (. 7) - E EC (1675-1763EE). Baichao EEEObaku EEEāEE B EEEBE57 EE E AE ECEECEEEKyoto EE EEETsusentei. AE Baichao D E E EEEE ED E E. ΁E E EEE Sencha, E@ EE E, ECE EK.

H EGESencha EEGEH EGEMaccha

EMeiji (1868-1912 EE).

1867, ѸETokugawa E. EEEGEE E EEEE EEH JE E ECJE EE200 EE(1641-1854 EE). EEEDEEECEH E E E EE M EEEE EPEEEEH, EMEH EEEH E Maccha EE H CEH H, EEEEEB E E. Sencha, @AC, E @CEEDEE C E E EJK M @. EEC EEBEE EEEE G EEGC , EB@ EDEE EEGC. EEPEEEK, EZEEAE EEEZEE߁EGE 1878 E EE EEE EM ߁EGEEE EEEE EM E. 1884 E Kenzo Takahashi @ ER EGBEE@E BEEE EE 15 EEEER EGBEG E@ZEEEE MEEEEPEEEKELB EM EE ELBEE EGC.

F H EGEMaccha

E EEEE1894 EVEEEZEEDG ECMGEEU E EE. Sencha EEEE BEEE @L EEE EE (E EH), EEEEB H EGESencha. EG Maccha, @AC, EE ELH ߁EPEEEEEEE MEEEEJ BE EPEEE

AMEB@ME EE EPE EM E20-EJ E CE EEEE CEE , EMEEE EEPEEHE

MEE EAEB M AE EPE EM :

1924 E Seitaro Miura, Tsujimura Mitiyo @EE E E EE E C.

1927 E Raizo Yamamoto @E E EEMEE
1959 E Teiji Ukai EEiichi Hayashi CEEEEE EME
1981 E Tsuneo Kada (EZEQEE DE) CEEEE LH E, EEEE

1988 E Mamiki (G Syoyama) CEEEE, EEEGEE.

1996 E Simamura (G Syowa) CEEEEZEEL EEM .

ÁEH CEEMEB@ME EPE EM EDGEEE EEHEED ED CMGEE ECGEEEG EEGC (GE EE , E), @EME EGEAE EPEEH EE EB@EE HEE E, CEE AAE EE.

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E5 ́E Ingen

E6 EENagatani Soen

E7 HZEEC Baichao