Tea Museum
Japanese green tea museum

In Edo Period (1600-1867)-high class people and ordinary pepole

In this section we consider that Japanese green tea defused among ordinary people and high novel's tea became more commodity product.

In edo period, Shougun and his civil servants enjoy the Japanese green tea and let messenger hold and deliver tea jars to Edo city. It is called "Ochatsubo Douchu (The tea jar's travel)

Ochatsubo douchu institutionalized in 1633 and when the tea travel on road, nothing nor no one disturb the tea travel because of shougun(general) 's tea.


Ordinary people begun to enjoy the Japanese green tea from Edo period.Also Tea production has developed in great advance in edo period.According to the edo-period's tea book "Honcho-shoku-kan"("Japan's food dictionary" 1697 Author Hitomi Hitsudai ) , In the middle of edo period, Maccha's production area is only uji but Sencha produced in various places. (Note: this Sencha is different from the present sencha).

It was written that the teas sold in Edo(Tokyo) were produced in Sunsyu(Sizuoka prefecture), Sinsyu(Nagano prefecture), Yasyuu(Saitama prefecture) and Osyu (Touhoku prefecture).It means that for example in the case of Edo and production areas , the production relationship begun to be exits. (Note: this Sencha is different from the present sencha.)

Also It was written in "Honcho-shoku-kan" that "Recently people drink decocted tea before breakfast in Koto( alongside of Sumida river of Tokyo), especially women drink the teas".

Sencha diffused many places and tea was spread at nation wide and ordinary people can drink teas. As Sencha begun to produce, the founder of the Sencha-do appeared. He is called "Baichao".

He is a priest. When Baichao studied in Nagasaki, he found Sencha and he lived in among Sencha.In the beginning ,"he serve tea to visitors in places where water or stone is clean.He did not discriminate by people's social position and did not stuck on the money. He told social events peacefully, everybody became familiar with him"(From Honcho-shoku-kan) When he was 57 years old he went to Kyoto and open a tea shop that is called Tsusentei.He walk and sell the tea all around Kyoto and outside Kyoto also, alongside of pond of the Daibutsu(great image of Buddha), Tofuku temple and Momiji-Yama, and Saga.

He became famous.Baichaou notice Sencha in his seeking after truth. Sencha may have new attractiveness for him.At the same time there is a breakthrough in the Japanese green tea. Souen Nagatani , Farmer in Kyoto, invented steaming method Sencha that is new distinguished high quality tea.Until then, it is said that sencha is made by using new and old leaves and hard buds and by boiling as well as using the iron pot.

Souen Nagatani used fresh new leaves and steamed them and rubbed and dried them on the hoiro(device that tea are heat on the top of it) and made tea whose color is green and its aroma is good.Souen said ,in short, Sencha's quality is determined by steaming , rubbing, drying.

Tea before the new teas were produced, the tea's color is brown, and the new tea's color is fresh green so that the new tea was called "Aosei"(Blue method) In contrast the before tea was called "Kurosei"(Black method).Souen ask Edo tea merchant to sell the tea and the tea had a great reputation. Baichaou visited Souen and Baoichaou drank the tea.

For the invention of the steaming method produced tea, it is certain that there was development of Japanese agriculture.Although it is a partly, but tea production became an independent sector. The Baichaou's Sencha-do may be influenced by the steaming method produced tea.Here is a very healthy culture that is based on production

How ordinary people drank teas? According to late edo period's scholar of Japanese classical literature, Natsukage Maeda's book "Konome-setsu","Nowadays even any poor house's people boiling teas and drink teas every day from morning and evening, every time." Here is a proof that anybody anytime enjoyed the teas.


bBeginningborigin of Japanese green teabEdo periodbMeiji periodbBefore world warbAfter world warbkinds of Japanese green teabJapanese green tea production areasbJapanese green tea productionb Judgemant of Japanese green teab Japanese green tea distributionbJapanese green tea consumptionbvarious Japanese green teabJapanese tea and componentsbJapanese green tea and sciencebnew teasb how to drink Japanese green tea deliciouslybJapanese green tea tradebJapanese green tea bibliographyb